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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 14(1); 2008 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2008;14(1):12-19.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2008.14.1.12   
Influence of the Reproductive Factor and Life Style Factor in Postmenopausal Women's Bone Mineral Density
Tae Im Kim, Mi Kyeong Lee
Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Daejeon, Korea. maternity99@hanmail.net
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was to identify the influencing factors in postmenopausal women's bone mineral density (BMD). METHOD: The sample for the study was 107 postmenopausal women who took the BMD test. For BMD measurement, lumbar spine BMD(L2-5) was measured by Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry(DEXA). Data was collected by questionnaires on the selected variables such as reproductive factors and life style factors. RESULT: In reproductive factors, parity shows significant differences with BMD (F=4.16, p=.02). In life style factors, diet (F=3.01, p=.05) and exercise (F=7.39, p=.00) show significant differences with BMD. Excercise, diet and parity accounted for 42.0% of the influencing factors in Postmenopausal Women's Bone Mineral Density.
CONCLUSION
The influencing factors in postmenopausal women's bone mineral density were excercise, diet and parity. In this paper, it is suggested that the influence of reproductive and life style factors in postmenopausal women's BMD should be studied by long term and needs repeated research. This study can be used as foundation material for nursing education program development for osteoporosis prevention and improvement.
Key Words: Bone Mineral Density; Postmenopause


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