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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 8(3); 2002 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2002;8(3):389-401.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2002.8.3.389   
Factors Determining Cesarean Section Frequency Rates of the OBGY Clinics in Metropolitan Area
Yun Mi Kim, Su Kyoung Go
Seoul Health College, Korea.
This study aims to find factors that affect variations in cesarean section frequency rates among OBGY clinics in Metropolitan areas. The factors include patient, medical supplier characteristics and economic factors. This study is a cross-sectional analysis using health insurance delivery claims from July to December 2000 and files of the NHIC(national health insurance corporation). Multiple regression was used to analyze the dependent variable of cesarean section frequency rate at each clinic. The results are as follows : Cesarean section frequency rate is increasing in proportion to the number of the following patients : repeated caesarean section, disproportion, obstructed labour, fetal distress, emergency caesarean section and self-employed patients. There are geographic variations as well. Cesarean section frequency rates are higher in Inchon and Gyonggi province than in Seoul. The higher number of total delivery the clinic has, the lower rate of cesarean section it has. Clinics with high frequency rates in 1999 showed higher rates the next year. Further research is required to develop evidence based delivery modes and change strategies for increasing normal delivery and activating midwife clinics.
Key Words: Caesarean section; Small area variation

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