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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 10(3); 2004 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2004;10(3):226-234.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2004.10.3.226   
Health Status, Reproductive Health Problems, and the Degree of Prenatal Management in Married Working Women
Jeungim Kim, Seung Hyun Han
1Soonchunhyang University, School of Nursing, Department of Women and Gerontological Nursing, Korea. jeungim@sch.ac.kr
2Soonchunhyang University, Department of Environmental health Science, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was to examine health status, reproductive health problems and the degree of prenatal management in working women. METHOD: The subjects were 902 married working women among 2, 000 women selected by cluster sampling. The work area was classified to product factory, school, office, etc. After an Informed consent was obtained, participants were asked to fill out a self-administered questionnaire. The instruments included a questionnaire, parity check list, menstrual problems and gynecologic problem check list. RESULT: Many women have experienced menstrual cycle change during the past year. There was a significant difference in general health, menstrual regularity, reproductive health and prenatal management by occupation type. 40.6 percent of the subjects have gynecological problems such as menstrual cycle change, perineal inflammation, irregular vaginal bleeding, amenorrhea, ovarian/uterine disease, infertility, or abortion. Prenatal care was received in only 28.5% of the total subjects. In addition, 16.3% answered they had experienced low birth weight babies. CONCLUSION: We can conclude that working woman have changes in menstruation cycle and in reproductive health status. Therefore, we suggest that some occupational characteristics may affect subject's reproductive health, these should be clear and avoided as much as possible.
Key Words: Health status; Reproductive health; Prenatal care; Married working woman


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