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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 10(2); 2004 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2004;10(2):150-161.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2004.10.2.150   
Related Factors to Screening or Repeat Screening for Cervical and Breast Cancer among Women
Ihn Sook Jeong, Hyeon Ok Ju, Eun Sook Bae
1Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Korea. enfanju@hanmail.net
2Public Health Center of Suyoung Gu, Busan Metropolitan City, Korea.
The importance of screening or repeat screening for cervical and breast cancer is well known to decrease the chance of death from cancer. Few data is avaliable regarding factors associated with participation in cervical and breast cancer screening and repeat screening examinations. This study was to investigate the associations of demographic factors, health status and cancer risk recognition, attitude to cancer screening, health behaviors, and inhibiting or facilitating factors to cervical and breast cancer screening with participation in the screening tests. Data was collected with self-administrated questionnaires from 342 women, aged 40 to 69 years. The cancer screenings were classified into have had or never groups and repeat or not repeated groups. In the case of cervical and breast cancer screening, the have had group was 90 (26.3%), and 82 (24.0%) and the repeat group was 17 (5.0%), and 13 (3.8%) respectively. According to logistic regression analysis, age (< 60 vs > or =60 : OR=3.25, 95% CI=1.27-8.26), breast cancer screening (Do vs Don't : OR=14.49, 95% CI=7.46-27.78) and other person's cancer (Yes vs No : OR=4.27, 95% CI=1.01-18.05) were statistically significantly associated with participation in screening for cervical cancer. Regular exercise (Do vs Don't : OR=2.76, 95% CI=1.30-5.88) and cervical cancer screening (Do vs Don't : OR=13.70, 95% CI=7.09-26.32) were statistically significantly related to participation in screening for breast cancer.
Key Words: Screening; Repeat screening; Cervical cancer; Breast cancer

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