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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 9(1); 2003 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2003;9(1):80-91.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2003.9.1.80   
A Study of Subjectivity in the Perception Gender Roles of Women
Hye Jin Kwon, Yun Kang Chung, Kyung Hi Kim, Mi Hye Choi, Soon Gyo Yeoum
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, ChungAng University, Korea.
This study is to define the structural patterns of gender roles of women as perceived by co-eds. METHOD: Q-methodology was used on 174 statements collected through interviews with women aged between 20 and 50. 38 Q-samples were selected from 330 Q-population. The Q-samples were administered to 29 co-eds. RESULT: Analysis of Q-type obtained by QUANAL program revealed three types of subjectivity in the perception of gender roles. Type 1, role is characterized by the tendency to play down the female gender role and think that women's body is an essential factor in forming the female gender role. Type 2, rejects motherhood image obedience and chastity dictated by male chauvinism. Type 3, shows a tendency to believe that female gender cannot be separated from maternity and that women's basic role is housekeeping. The three types were common in believing in self-development and equal rights through economical independence.
Key Words: Gender roles; Subjectivity

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