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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 19(1); 2013 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2013;19(1):36-47.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2013.19.1.36    Published online March 25, 2013.
Subjectivity on Childbearing in High School Students
Kyoung Ah Baek, Hye Jin Kwon, Seung Hee Ryu
1Graduate School of Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea. whiteka@hanmail.net
2College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
This study was to explore subjectivity on childbearing in high school students.
A Q-methodology which provides a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each type was used. Forty-three high school students classified 40 selected Q-statements into 9 points standard. The obtained data were analyzed by using the pc-QUANL program.
High school students' subjectivity on childbearing were analyzed into two types: Type 1 turned out to be 'FOLS (family oriented life style)' and Type 2 'CINK (couple important no kid)'.
In order to resolve such problems as low birth rate and the advanced age of the population, effective youth and adult programs, policy and institution are required. The current demographic, economic and other factors such as personal values and policies may lower birth rate. In particular, youths' need for children and birth rate tend to be lower. There are positive and negative patterns in high school students' subjectivity on childbearing. Thus, national and social efforts are needed to change negative factors into positive ones. In order to maintain positive subjectivity on childbearing in high school students, it is necessary to apply family-centered educational programs and to implement birth-friendly and realistic programs for promoting child birth.
Key Words: Childbearing; High school students; Q-method

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