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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 18(4); 2012 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2012;18(4):302-311.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2012.18.4.302    Published online December 31, 2012.
Factors Influencing Attitude to Menstruation in Elementary School Girls according to the Presence of Menarche
Hun Ha Cho, So Hyun Moon
1Department of Nursing, Dongseo University, Pusan, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, Muan, Korea. shmoon@mokpo.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to attitudes to menstruation in elementary school girls according to menarche experience.
METHODS
Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from 208 girls in 5th or 6th grade (90 who were menarche and 118 who were not). The study was a cross-sectional study. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0 program for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression.
RESULTS
There were significant differences in body image, menstrual knowledge and attitude between the two groups of students. Results from the multiple regression analysis revealed difference in related factors and in the magnitude of the relationship evaluated by standardized beta coefficients. Significant factors, listed by the magnitude of beta coefficients, among students in menarche were positive affect of menarche, self-oriented perfectionism-critical, negative affect of menarche. Significant factors among non-menarche students were menstrual knowledge and self-oriented perfectionism-critical.
CONCLUSION
There are differences between menarche and non-menarche girls in attitude to menstruation and related factors. Based on the results of the present study, systemic health education according to differences between the two groups should be developed to foster positive attitudes to menstruation.
Key Words: Menstruation; Perfectionism; Body image; Attitude; Knowledge


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