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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 18(4); 2012 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2012;18(4):279-289.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2012.18.4.279    Published online December 31, 2012.
Effects of Knowledge and Recognition of Alcohol Use during Pregnancy on Actual Alcohol Use during Pregnancy
Il Ok Kim, Goo Churl Jeong, Eun Kyung Yang
1Department of Nursing, Korea Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea. kimio@syu.ac.kr
2Department of Counselling Psychology, Korea Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea.
3Graduate School of Health and Welfare of Korea Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to explore the influence in a planned pregnancy of alcohol related family variables, knowledge and recognition of the effects of alcohol use during pregnancy on actual alcohol use during pregnancy.
METHODS
The participants were 284 women who had experienced a pregnancy at some time in their lives. The data were collected from December 2011 to January 2012 and the method of data collection was self-report questionnaires. The instruments for this study were AUDIT-K, Knowledge of alcohol use during pregnancy, and Recognition of alcohol use during pregnancy.
RESULTS
There were higher incidences of alcohol use during pregnancy when alcohol consumption was a problem, when there was a family member with an alcohol problem, or after having had an artificial abortion. There was no correlation in alcohol use during pregnancy with knowledge, but a correlation with recognition was found.
CONCLUSION
The results of this study suggest that the main factor in alcohol use during pregnancy is recognition of the effects of alcohol use during pregnancy.
Key Words: Alcohol use during pregnancy; Recognition; Problem drinking; Planned pregnancy; Artificial abortion
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