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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 18(2); 2012 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2012;18(2):149-158.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2012.18.2.149    Published online June 30, 2012.
Effects of Oketani Breast Massage on Breast Pain, the Breast Milk pH of Mothers, and the Sucking Speed of Neonates
Jeongsug Cho, Hye Young Ahn, Sukhee Ahn, Myeong Soo Lee, Myung Haeng Hur
1College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea. mhhur@eulji.ac.kr
3Medical Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
This study was done to test the effects of Oketani breast massage on breast pain and breast milk pH of mothers, and sucking speed of neonates.
A nonequivalent control group and a pretest-posttest design was used. Postpartum mothers complaining of breast pain were recruited at a postpartum care center. The application of Oketani breast massage by an Oketani massage therapist was the experimental treatment. The control group received the conventional massage technique from a nurse at the postpartum care centre. The collected data were analysed using a chi2-test and a t-test with the SPSS WIN 12.0 program.
The participants were homogeneous in age, gestation period, and birth weight. Breast pain (t=8.384, p<.001) was significantly relieved, and breast milk pH (t=4.793, p<.001) was significantly increased in the experimental group compared to the control group. The sucking speed of the neonates in the experimental group was significantly increased compared to the control group (t=9.920, p<.001).
These findings indicate that Oketani breast massage is effective in relieving breast pain and increasing breast milk pH as well as the sucking speed of neonates.
Key Words: Breast; Massage; Pain; Hydrogen-ion concentration

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