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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 18(2); 2012 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2012;18(2):135-148.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2012.18.2.135    Published online June 30, 2012.
Meaning of 'Natural Childbirth' and Experiences of Women Giving Birth using Midwifery: A Feminist Approach
Eun Ju Lee, Young Sook Park
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. ariggari@hanmail.net
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to explore the meanings of 'Natural childbirth' from experiences of Korean women who gave birth to a baby in the midwifery using a feminist approach.
METHODS
This paper is a qualitative research study and applies a feminist epistemology and methodology to the experiences of women who gave birth in midwifery. The data were collected by individual in-depth interviews with eleven participants.
RESULTS
Two main themes emerged from the feminist content analyses and each main theme had three sub themes. A. transformation of control and knowledge on childbirth and the body 1) refusing coercive medicalization and building a new normality, 2) specific expectations about biological health and maternity rather than a return to nature, 3) the subject of pregnancy and childbirth, B. 'natural childbirth' practice as a new embodied discipline 1) helpers to support mothers, midwives, 2) helping the body to do 'natural childbirth', 3) from isolated labor to cooperative reproduction.
CONCLUSION
These results indicate that women desired to practice being a subject, consultation with professionals, self-discipline and named actors except for women as 'other subjects' in childbirth.
Key Words: Qualitative research; Feminism; Natural childbirth; Midwifery
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