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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 17(3); 2011 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2011;17(3):215-224.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2011.17.3.215   
Effect of Music Therapy as Intervention on Peripheral Neuropathic Pain and Anxiety of Gynecologic Cancer Patients Undergoing Paclitaxel Chemotherapy
Gie Ok Noh, Moon Sook Hwang, Keum Sook Cho, Joung Ah Lim, Mi Kyung Kang, Hyo Jin Kim, Ji Youn Kim
1Samsung Medical Center, Korea. nkorn91.rho@samsung.com
2Nursing Science, Woosuk University, Korea.
3Sookmyung Women's University, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was to investigate the effect of music therapy as intervention on peripheral neuropathic pain and anxiety of gynecologic cancer patients who were undergoing paclitaxel chemotherapy.
METHODS
Hospitalized 62 patients were assigned to an experimental group (n=30) and a control group (n=33) in this quasi-experimental study. The experimental group participated in music therapy that includes listening, singing and song writing during 1 hour. The peripheral neuropathic pain, anxiety and depression were examined as pre-intervention evaluation by using pain scale, anxiety scale (20 questions) and depression scale (20 questions) in both groups. There were no further treatments for the control group while the experimental group involved in music therapy. The peripheral neuropathic pain and anxiety were evaluated in both groups as post-intervention evaluation.
RESULTS
Outcomes were verified through hypothesis testing. The level of peripheral neuropathic pain and anxiety in the experimental group was decreased, compared to the control group.
CONCLUSION
According to the study, music therapy is a beneficial intervention that reduces peripheral neuropathic pain and anxiety in gynecologic cancer patients. These findings are encouraging and suggest that music therapy can be applied as an effective intervention for minimizing chemotherapy related symptoms.
Key Words: Music therapy; Cancer; Chemotherapy; Neuropathic pain; Anxiety


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