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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 17(1); 2011 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2011;17(1):77-87.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2011.17.1.77   
Contraception Behavior and Related Factors in Unmarried Female and Male
Shin Woo Hwang, Chae Weon Chung
1Seoul National University College of Nursing, Korea. sepochung2000@yahoo.co.kr
2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study aimed to identify differences in contraception behavior and related factors between unmarried female and male.
METHODS
A cross-sectional survey design with a convenient sampling was used. From Seoul, 107 women and 96 men were recruited. A structured questionnaire was self-administered from July 14, 2008 to September 2, 2008.
RESULTS
The average ages of women and men were 26.9 and 27.8 years old, respectively. Fifty-six percent of women and 85.4% of men have experienced sexual intercourse. There were no differences between female and male in attitude toward contraception, subjective norm, and contraception behavior, while female had higher score of self-efficacy for contraception (p=.02) and intention of contraception (p=.02). There was positive correlation with subjective norm (r=.22, p<.05), self-efficacy (r=.53, p<.01) in male and attitude (r=.32, p<.05), self-efficacy (r=49, p<.01) in female. According to the result of multiple regression, the significant factor of contraception behavior was self-efficacy for both female (beta=.49, p=.00) and male (beta=.53, p=.00).
CONCLUSION
To improve contraception behavior for unmarried female and male, it is necessary to develop proper sex education program to enhance self-efficacy for contraception. Adjusted education program by this result will contribute to increase sexual health for female and male.
Key Words: Single person; Female; Male; Contraception behavior; Self efficacy


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