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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 16(3); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2010;16(3):234-244.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2010.16.3.234   
Stress and Coping Style of High-risk Pregnant Women's Spouses
Juyoung Lee, Euysoon Choi
College of Nursing, Catholic University, Korea. eschoi@catholic.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study determined the level of stress and type of coping style of spouses with high-risk pregnant women.
METHODS
Subjects were 102 spouses with high-risk pregnant women at 6 hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggi province from January to August, 2009. The tools for this study were stress scale and coping scale. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test and Pearson's correlation coefficient.
RESULTS
The average score of subjects stress was 2.18 and coping score was 2.46 point out of 4.00. The highest score of stress categories was 2.44 point in emotional problems and the lowest score was 1.72 in communication and support resources. The stress level was significant differences according to length of marriage, number of hospital visits, satisfaction with marriage relationship, hospitalization days and gestational age respectively. Spouses tended to use an active coping style (2.60) rather than a passive coping style (2.31). There were significant differences according to mother's age and gestational age in active coping and educational level in passive coping.
CONCLUSION
Considering the level of stress coping style and characteristics of high-risk pregnant women's spouses, a nursing intervention should be provided to help them alleviate stress and to encourage active coping.
Key Words: High-risk pregnancy; Spouses; Psychological stress


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