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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 16(2); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2010;16(2):157-165.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2010.16.2.157   
Comparison of Health Locus of Control, Depression, Wellbeing, and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II in Middle Aged Korean and Korean-American Women
Eun Hee Lee, Ae Young So, Kyung Sook Lee
Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Korea. aeyoung@gwnu.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify differences in Health Locus of Control (HLOC), depression, wellbeing, and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP) between middle aged Korean and Korean-American women.
METHODS
Data from 80 Korean-American women living in Los Angeles, USA and 82 Korean women living in W-city, Korea, were collected using a self administered questionnaire including items on HLOC, HPLP, a Wellbeing Index and Major Depression Inventory.
RESULTS
There were statistically significant differences between the middle aged Koreans and Korean-Americans on mean age, education, religion, and current health insurance. Significant differences were found on HLOC (F=2.504, p=.033) and Wellbeing (F=2.451, p=.036). The results also showed significant differences on HPLP (total HPLP, F=4.655, p=.001; physical activity, F=2.967, p=.014; nutrition, F=4.250, p=.001; spiritual growth, F=4.398, p=.001; interpersonal relations, F=2.648, p=.025; and stress management, F=5.201, p<.001) using ANCOVA. However, there were no significant differences on depression, or health responsibility in HPLP between the groups.
CONCLUSION
Understanding middle aged women's health adjustments based on their culture will enhance the ability of health professionals to provide culturally congruent care and enable middle aged women to develop healthy lifestyles.
Key Words: Health behavior; Locus of control; Middle aged women; Depression; Wellbeing


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