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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 14(4); 2008 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2008;14(4):314-322.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2008.14.4.314   
Impact of Perfectionism and Testing Anxiety on the Menstrual Cycle during Test Evaluations among High School Girls
Hae Kyung Lee
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Korea. leehk@kangwon.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynecologic complaints of young women. This study investigated the changes in the menstrual cycle during test evaluations according to perfectionism and testing anxiety among high school girls in order to provide information for care of dysmenorrhea. METHOD: Data collection was done from July 14 to 18, 2008 by self administered questionnaires with 300 high school girls. RESULT: The subjects experienced amenorrhea (35.3%), changes in the menstrual cycle (66.3%), changes in menstrual duration (50.0%), changes in amount of menstruation (47.7%), and increases in menstrual pain during testing evaluations. There were significant differences in changes of menstrual patterns, physical symptoms, and menstrual pain during test evaluations between a high perfectionist group and low perfectionist group. Also, there were significant differences in changes of menstrual patterns, physical symptoms, and menstrual pain during test evaluations between a high testing anxiety group and low testing anxiety group. Perfectionism and testing anxiety showed a positive relationship with changes in menstrual patterns, physical symptoms, and menstrual pain.
CONCLUSION
As perfectionism and testing anxiety seem to contribute to changes in the menstrual cycle during test evaluations, school health-care providers should screen routinely for dysmenorrhea and give more attention to health education on this topic to girls.
Key Words: Perfectionism; Testing anxiety; Changes of the menstrual conditions
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