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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 14(4); 2008 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2008;14(4):297-305.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2008.14.4.297   
Bone Mineral Density and Factors Affecting in Female College Students
Dong Sook Cho, Jeung Yun Lee
1College of Nursing, Eulji University, Korea.
2Food & Nutrition Major, Eulji University, Korea. Leejy@eulji.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was performed to assess the relationships among bone mineral density, dietary habits, life styles and anthropometric measurements in young women. Subjects included 229 female college students in Seoul and Kyunggi province. METHOD: The subjects were asked about dietary habits and life styles using questionnaire. A sampel of 229 young women was assessed anthropometric measurements and bone mineral density on calcaneous using quantitative ultrasound. RESULT: The percentages of the osteoporosis (T-score<-2.5), osteopenia (-2.5< or =T-score<-1.0), and normal (T-score> or =-1.0) groups were 1.75%, 13.53% and 84.71%, respectively. Weight, soft lean mass, and BMI were positively related with T-score and Z-score. But height was negative related with SOS (Speed of sounds).
CONCLUSION
This study confirmed that one of the most effective ways to minimize bone mineral density less in young women is to maintain an adequate body weight, soft lean mass, and BMI. And the young women were recommended do not one-side eating, daily intakes of milk products, perform daily physical exercise, and do not drink coke or soft drinks for the bone health.
Key Words: Bone mineral density; Dietary habits; Women


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