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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 22(3); 2016 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2016;22(3):128-138.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2016.22.3.128    Published online September 27, 2016.
Happiness among Pregnant Women: A Concept Analysis
Eun Mi Jo, Hyera Yoo
1Graduate School, Department of Nursing, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
2College of Nursing · Institute of Nursing Science, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea. hryoo@ajou.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to analyze the concept of happiness among pregnant women.
METHODS
Walker and Avant's method for concept analysis was used.
RESULTS
The defining attributes of happiness among pregnant women were 1) period of pregnancy, 2) emotional dimension (positive affect), and 3) cognitive dimension(existence need-satisfaction, relatedness need-satisfaction, growth need-satisfaction). The antecedents of happiness among pregnant women were 1) intrapersonal characteristics, 2) reproductive history and related characteristics, 3) interpersonal relationship, and 4) external factors. The consequences included 1) pregnant women's well-being, 2) fetal well-being, 3) maternal well-being, and 4) child's happiness.
CONCLUSION
Although further studies are required to refine the diverse attributes of the concept, the results of this study contribute to explaining happiness among pregnant women. In addition, the development of adequate interventions to increase prenatal happiness is needed.
Key Words: Pregnant women; Happiness; Concept analysis
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