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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 20(4); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2014;20(4):266-276.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2014.20.4.266    Published online December 31, 2014.
Sleep Quality, Fatigue, and Postpartum Depression of Mother at Six Months after Delivery
Mi Eun Kim, Myung Haeng Hur
1Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea. mhhur@eulji.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was correlation study to identify the factors influencing sleep quality, fatigue, and postnatal depression in mothers who have given birth during the past 6 months.
METHODS
The study was conducted using a survey with questionnaires to 329 mothers who visited E University Medical Center, or three local clinics located in D city, between August and October 2013. Collected data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program.
RESULTS
Out of 329 subjects, 18.2% showed that they had mild postnatal depression whereas 24.3% had severe postnatal depression. Accordingly, 42.5% reported having postnatal depression. Postnatal depression had a significant correlation with sleep hours after childbirth (r=-.16, p=.003), spousal support (r=-.28, p<.001), sleep quality (r=-.35, p<.001), physical fatigue (r=.66, p<.001), psychological fatigue (r=.69, p<.001), and neurosensory fatigue (r=.56, p<.001). Factors influencing postnatal depression include psychological fatigue, sleep quality, number of child births, and neurosensory fatigue, and these accounted for 53% of postnatal depression.
CONCLUSION
Results indicate that factors influencing postnatal depression involve psychological fatigue, sleep quality, number of child births, and neurosensory fatigue. Therefore for nursing intervention for postpartum mothers, it is necessary to assess the level of depression, fatigue, and sleep quality, and to provide interventions to relieve depression.
Key Words: Postpartum period; Sleep; Fatigue; Postpartum depression
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