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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 20(2); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2014;20(2):126-136.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2014.20.2.126    Published online June 30, 2014.
Effect of Aroma Hand Massage on Anxiety and Immune Function in Patients with Gynecology Surgery under Local Anesthesia
Yun Ah Kim, Mi Hae Sung
1Department of Nursing, Inje University, Busan, Korea. nursmh@inje.ac.kr
2Institute for Health Science, Busan, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aroma hand massage on anxiety and immune function in patients who had gynecology surgery under local anesthesia.
METHODS
The research design was a nonequivalent control group with pre- and posttest design. Data were collected from June 5 to October 6, 2010. Participants included 20 patients in the aroma hand massage group, 20 patients in a hand massage group, and 20 in a control group. As an experimental treatment, hand massage was carried out following the hand massage protocol. Measures consisted of the State Trait Anxiety, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for anxiety, vital signs (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate), and salivary cortisol for anxiety, and immunoglobulin A for immune function.
RESULTS
Aroma hand massage and hand massage group showed lower levels in NRS for anxiety, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and pulse rate (p<.001) compared to controls. No group differences were found for state anxiety, salivary cortisol and immunoglobulin A.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that aroma hand massage and hand massage are effective in reducing anxiety and can be complementary alternative interventions for women having gynecology surgery under local anesthesia.
Key Words: Aromatherapy; Anxiety; Gynecology; Local anesthesia; Immune function


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