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Journal of Korean Academy of Women's Health Nursing 2000;6(3):413-426.
Published online June 14, 2013.
Degree of Dysmenorrhea and Self-management of Dysmenorrhea in the High-school Girl-student
Kim, Mi Young , Jung, Moon Sook , Chung, Kwi Ae
1Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Kyungpook National University, Korea.
2Department of Nursing of Yeungnam College of Science & Technology, Korea.
The purposes of this study is to examine the degree of dysmenorrhea and self-management of dysmenorrhea in high school girls and to provide basic information for health education. This research is the contents of the characteristics and self-management of dysmenorrhea and thereby serve to provide some theoretical grounds for the health education of high school-girl students. The subjects of this study are the 376 girl students of a high school in Taegu. This study was conducted by collecting data from April 3rd to 7th. 2000. The instruments used for this study by the researcher of this study based on Choi. Myung-Ok's (1992) menstrurational symtom scale(8 items) and factors used to dysmenorrhea scale(5 items). Health locus of control is obtained from a review of references by the researcher. Sin Jae Sin(1985) translated Multidimensional health Locus of Control scale(1S items) were made by Wallston & Wallston (1976). The collected data was analysed by mean, percent. Chi-squre test. Fisher's Exact Test using the SPSS(v 6.12) and SAS program. The results of this study were as follows : 1. The characteristics of dysmenorrhea were low abdominal pain, fatigue, back pain, headache, muscle pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. 2. The degree of dysmenorrhea was shown 'a few of discomfort experiment' : 73%, late, leaving early and absent for school: 4.0%. 3. By means locus of control. internal locus of control was shown 79.5% external health locus of control was 20.5%. 4. The self-management of dysmenorrhea was shown 'massaging on the abdomen and bed rest' is 31.9%. 'tolerance' is 53.5%. 5. When the characteristics of dysmenorrhea was compared with demographics. low abdominal pain was significant of the number of siblings (p<. 05) . the family history (mother's dysmenorrhea) (p<.01) and back pain was significant of the age. family history, low abdominal pain(p<.05, p<.01, p<.01). 6. There was no significant of the locus of control. When the self-management of dysmenorrhea was compared with demographics, the age was significant (p<.05).
Key Words: Dysmenorrhea; Self-management
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