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Journal of Korean Academy of Women's Health Nursing 1997;3(2):181-192.
A Relations of Bone Mass Promoting Behaviors for Prevention of Osteoporosis and Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale Cluster
Yeoum, S G
Nursing Department, Medical College, Chun Ang University, Korea.
Abstract
This study was made to suggest the nursing strategies for promoting the behaviors about bone mass health behaviors in order to prevent middle aged women's osteoporosis. This study was a descriptive-correlational design that also concerned to the types which improve bone mass promoting behaviors by inspecting patterns of health locus of control method out of recognizable variables of health improving models influencing on these bone mass promoting behaviors. For these purpose, data were collected by self reported questionnaire in middle school, from 158 women living in Seoul. The measuring tools used in this study about bone mass promoting behaviors and multidimensional health locus of control, were developed by author on the basis of literature review and analyzed by SPSS-PC window, into pearson's correlation, ANOVA, multiple regression, cluster analysis. Data was analyzed as follows. 1. 6 Multidimensional health locus of control scale clusters were existed. : a)cluster I (pure internal), b)cluster II(pure chance), c) cluster III(Believer in control), d), cluster IV(Type VI), e)cluster V(yea sayer), f) cluster VI(nay sayer). There were no findings of the powerful others external cluster and double external cluster. 2. The higher the value of internal health locus of control was, the better the bone mass promoting behaviors were(r=.2891, p=.00**). The higher the value of chance external health locus of control was, the worse the bone mass promoting behaviors were(r=-.1367, p=.00**). 3. On the basis of these relationships, 6 clusters were significantly different in the bone mass promoting behaviors(F=2.27, p=.05*). The value of bone mass promoting behaviors was ranked the order of type VI>believer in control>pure internal>yea sayer>nay sayer>pure chance external highly. 4. Bone mass promoting behaviors were not significantly different as to age. Suggestion. Based on the results from the study, I would like to make some suggestions as follows. 1) To delay the loss of bone mass in middle aged women, the study on the cluster of the multidimensional health locus of control should be conducted repeatedly. 2) The tool of multidimensional health locus of control should be developed through a qualitative method adjusted on Korean' health culture.
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