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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 14(1); 2008 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2008;14(1):56-65.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2008.14.1.56   
Development of a "Grandmothering Stress Index" for Korean Day-care Grandmothers
Moonjeong Kim, Chae Weon Chung
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. mjy7955@hanmail.net
Abstract
PURPOSE
The study was to develop an instrument to measure grandmothering stress for Korean day-care grandmothers and to test the validity and reliability of the instrument. METHOD: The items of the instrument were based on a literature review and secondary data. After content validity tests and a pilot test, 20 items were developed. In order to test the reliability and validity of the scale, data were collected from 126 grandmothers. RESULT: After a factor analysis, five factors and 15 items were selected. These explained 67.2% of the total variance. The first domain was termed 'Health problems', and explained 18.1% of the total variance, and the second domain of 'Possibility of role substitution' explained 13.8%. The third and the fourth domains were 'Relations with adult children' and 'Grandchildren's characteristics' explaining 12.5% and 12.1%, respectively. The last domain explained 10.8% of the total variance with the theme 'Restriction of social life'. After accomplishing the reliability analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was determined to be .75.
CONCLUSIONS
This initial step in the development of a Grandmothering Stress Index is valuable to reflect the subject of Grandmothering stress in senior citizens in Korea. Future study should to refine the constitution of the instrument.
Key Words: Parenting; Stress


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