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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 14(1); 2008 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2008;14(1):56-65.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2008.14.1.56   
Development of a "Grandmothering Stress Index" for Korean Day-care Grandmothers
Moonjeong Kim, Chae Weon Chung
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. mjy7955@hanmail.net
The study was to develop an instrument to measure grandmothering stress for Korean day-care grandmothers and to test the validity and reliability of the instrument. METHOD: The items of the instrument were based on a literature review and secondary data. After content validity tests and a pilot test, 20 items were developed. In order to test the reliability and validity of the scale, data were collected from 126 grandmothers. RESULT: After a factor analysis, five factors and 15 items were selected. These explained 67.2% of the total variance. The first domain was termed 'Health problems', and explained 18.1% of the total variance, and the second domain of 'Possibility of role substitution' explained 13.8%. The third and the fourth domains were 'Relations with adult children' and 'Grandchildren's characteristics' explaining 12.5% and 12.1%, respectively. The last domain explained 10.8% of the total variance with the theme 'Restriction of social life'. After accomplishing the reliability analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was determined to be .75.
This initial step in the development of a Grandmothering Stress Index is valuable to reflect the subject of Grandmothering stress in senior citizens in Korea. Future study should to refine the constitution of the instrument.
Key Words: Parenting; Stress

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